A traumatic brain injury occurs after a sudden blow or impact to the skull. A severe brain injury can happen from slipping and falling, playing sports and getting into a car crash. Sadly, one moment can change a person’s life.

According to the Center for Disease Control, car accidents cause 20 percent of all hospitalizations due to traumatic brain injuries. It is imperative to understand the signs and different types of traumatic brain injuries. Having this knowledge can help you recognize brain trauma and seek prompt treatment if you suffer a car accident one day.

Signs a traumatic brain injury occurred

Sometimes, the signs and symptoms associated with a brain injury take some time to develop. Other times, symptoms begin within the first 24 hours after the accident.

See a doctor immediately if you are suffering from any of the following symptoms:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Seizures
  • Dilated pupils
  • Double vision
  • Nasal or aural drainage
  • Loss of coordination
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Muscle weakness

Even if you are not experiencing any of these symptoms, you still might have a mild brain injury. It is always a good idea to receive medical attention after a serious accident.

What are the different types of traumatic brain injuries?

Depending on the severity of your accident, you could be suffering from one or multiple of the following injuries:

  • Concussion: If you have suffered a concussion, you may have lost consciousness after the accident. Concussions generally do not cause irreversible brain damage, unless you have had multiple head injuries in the past.
  • Contusion: A contusion is a bruise on your brain resulting from a strike to the head. Swelling of the brain is critical to monitor with this injury.
  • Brain Hematoma: A hematoma is a blood clot between the skull and brain. This typically happens after a blood vessel ruptures. This injury can turn dangerous quickly if the blood clot begins to press on the brain.
  • Brain Hemorrhage: This injury can occur when small brain arteries tear during the wreck. This causes blood to fill in the space between the skull and brain.

If you have sustained a traumatic brain injury, it is possible that you are suffering from more than one of the injuries listed.

After receiving medical care to confirm your injuries, getting in touch with an experienced personal injury lawyer is your best option. You likely have a legal claim against the other driver if they were at fault.